Support Scroll. When the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal was established in , as per the provisions of the Constitution, it was expected to find a permanent solution to the decades-long water-sharing dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Though the tribunal gave its final award in , the recent violence in both states over water sharing shows that a lasting solution is still elusive. Kerala and Pondichery are the other two riparian states. Karnataka, which felt the award was unjust, first approached the Supreme Court with a Special Leave Petition, and was soon followed by the other three stakeholders — Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry. In India, water is primarily a state subject except in the case of inter-state rivers where the Union government can intervene.
The long history of Cauvery, rivers and interstate disputes
Kaveri River water dispute - Wikipedia
Behind the formation of the Cauvery Family in , where farmer leaders from both Karnataka and Tamil Nadu came together to find a solution to the dispute, he spoke to Rediff. When we met earlier, you had described the Cauvery water crisis as the most difficult and the bitterest water dispute in independent India. Do you think the problem will continue for a long, long time? It is because this dispute is different from the other water disputes in India. There are about 24 or so resolved and unresolved water disputes in India. Yes, in the case of most inter-state disputes in India, the primary issue is over sharing of surplus water but in the case of the Cauvery, since it is a deficit basin, the dispute is over re-sharing of available water or already utilised water.
Kaveri River water dispute
The river's basin estimated 81, square kilometers, covers four states and Union Territories- Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry. The dispute goes back to when the states of Karnataka known as the state of Mysore at that time and Tamil Nadu known as Madras Presidency at that time had differences when the state of Mysore started building a dam in Kannambadi village on the river. After several rounds of talks between the Mysore state and Madras presidency in and presided over by Sir H. Griffin, representative of the British Government in India, there were two water sharing agreements between these states, The Agreement and The Agreement. While the Agreement was a general water sharing agreement between the states, the agreement was specific to the Cauvery river.
Water has become a vital resource for economic growth and sustainable development. Southern India is currently engaged in conflicts involving shared water resources. This case study focuses on the Cauvery River Dispute. Failed monsoons in ignited old debates between the two states over water access. The dispute is still in progress as the states battle out their arguments in the Supreme Court.