The Swadhyaya Movement or Swadhyaya Parivara is a new religious movement that started in mid 20th-century in the western states of India , particularly Maharashtra and Gujarat. It encourages voluntary self-study, self-knowledge, community discourses and action with a responsibility to the god in oneself and others. Deity Surya is recognized in the form of sunlight. Prayers are performed in the Smarta tradition's Panchayatana puja format, attributed to Adi Shankara.
In continuum mechanics , stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighbouring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material. For example, when a solid vertical bar is supporting an overhead weight , each particle in the bar pushes on the particles immediately below it. When a liquid is in a closed container under pressure , each particle gets pushed against by all the surrounding particles. The container walls and the pressure -inducing surface such as a piston push against them in Newtonian reaction.